GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate) is a depressant drug that slows down the messages travelling between the brain and body1.
GBL (gamma butyrolactone) and 1,4-BD (1,4-butanediol) are chemicals that are closely related to GHB. Once GBL or 1,4-BD enter the body, they convert to GHB almost immediately.2
G, fantasy, grievous bodily harm (GBH), liquid ecstasy, liquid E, liquid X, Georgia Home Boy, soap, scoop, cherry meth, blue nitro.
How is it used?
GHB is usually swallowed, but sometimes it’s injected or inserted anally3,4.
There is no safe level of drug use. Use of any drug always carries some risk. It’s important to be careful when taking any type of drug.
GHB affects everyone differently, based on:
Little is known about the long-term effects of GHB use. However, it is known that regular use can lead to tolerance and dependence, which means larger amounts of GHB are needed to get the same effect.
Using GHB with other drugs
Giving up GHB after using it for a long time is challenging because the body has to get used to functioning without it. Advice on doing so should be sought from a health professional.
Withdrawal symptoms usually start about 12 hours after the last dose and can continue for about 15 days.
These symptoms can include:
Reducing the risks
1. Julien, R., Advokat, C., & Comaty, J. (eds.). (2011). A primer of drug action (12th ed.). New York: Worth Publishing.
2. DrugScope. (n.d.) GHB/GBL/1,4-BD.
3. Hillebrand, J., Olszewski, D. & Sedefov, R. (2008). GHB and its precusor GBL: An emerging trend case study.
4. Dore, G. (2009). How to treat party drugs.
5. Miotto, K., Roth, B. (2001) Emerging trends in GHB withdrawal syndrome, detoxification.
6. Galanter, M. & Kleber, H. (Eds.). (2008). The American Psychiatric Publishing textbook of substance abuse treatment (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.
7. Galloway, G., Frederick, S., Staggers, F., Gonzales, M., Stalcup, S. & Smith, D. (1997). Gamma-hydroxybutyrate: an emerging drug of abuse that causes physical dependence, Addiction, 92(1) 89–96. Retrieved from Wiley Online Library.
Last updated: 25 March 2015